¶ 2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 This declaration is addressed to the Scottish Government, the Scottish Funding Council, education agencies, schools, colleges, universities, the third sector, and all organisations and individuals engaged in teaching and learning including galleries, libraries, archives and museums.
¶ 4 Leave a comment on paragraph 4 0 Scotland has a distinctive and highly regarded tradition of education. Education is widely regarded as a shared common good, the benefits of which can be extended both nationally and internationally through the adoption of open education policies and practice across all sectors of Scottish education.
¶ 5 Leave a comment on paragraph 5 0 Open education can expand access to education, widen participation, create new opportunities for the next generation of teachers and learners and prepare them to become fully engaged digital citizens. In addition, open education can promote knowledge transfer while at the same time enhancing quality and sustainability, supporting social inclusion, and creating a culture of inter-institutional collaboration and sharing.
¶ 6 Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 There is a sound economic case for open education. Releasing publicly funded educational resources under open licences represents a return on investment on public spending. Institutions are already being encouraged to adopt open research policies and to publish publicly funded research outputs under open licences; similar policies are required for open educational resources.
¶ 7 Leave a comment on paragraph 7 1 While open education is primarily about changing culture and practice, education technology can be a key enabler. Scotland has long been at the forefront of technology supported education innovation and there are many examples of pioneering open education developments across all sectors of Scottish education. These include adoption of open badges and open assessment and accreditation practices; development of open educational resources, open frameworks for technology enhanced learning and massive open online courses; exploration of open data in education and engagement with organisations such as Wikimedia UK and Open Knowledge. The next step forward is to join up these initiatives and develop policy support and guidance to enable the culture shift required to embed open education practice across all sectors of Scottish education.
¶ 8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 Building on UNESCO’s 2012 Paris OER Declaration, the Scottish Open Education Declaration calls on the Scottish Government, the Scottish Funding Council and all sectors of Scottish education to endorse the following principles. These principles are also in line with the European Commissions Opening Up Education Initiative, which aims to create opportunities for organisations, teachers and learners to innovate and to ensure that educational materials produced with public funding are available to all.
¶ 9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 a. Foster awareness of all forms of open education practice across all sectors of Scottish education. Promote open education practices and use of open educational resources to widen access to lifelong learning at all levels, both formal and non formal, thus contributing to social inclusion, gender equity and special needs education.
¶ 10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 b. Encourage the use of CC BY licences for all educational materials produced with public funds. Governments, institutions and education authorities can create substantial benefits for all by ensuring that educational materials developed with public funds are made available under open licenses in order to maximize the impact of their investment.
¶ 11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 c. Facilitate enabling environments for the appropriate use of technology in education and link these with strategies to improve digital literacies. Digital technology is the medium rather than the driver of open education, but equitable access is critical. Bridge the digital divide by developing adequate infrastructure, including affordable broadband connectivity and widespread mobile technology.
¶ 12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 d. Reinforce the development of strategies and policies for open assessment practices, open educational resources and open online courses. Promote the development and use of open educational resources within wider strategies for advancing education.
¶ 13 Leave a comment on paragraph 13 0 e. Promote the understanding and use of open licensing frameworks to enable different kinds of use, while respecting the rights of copyright holders. Support the adoption of open licences to facilitate the retention, re-use, revision, remixing and redistribution of educational materials across Scotland and beyond.
¶ 14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 f. Support capacity building to encourage sustainable open education practice and the development of quality open educational resources. Establish adequately funded professional development programmes to help teachers and other key personnel to understand the benefits of all forms of open education and to encourage them to produce and share high-quality, accessible educational content, resources and experiences, while taking into account local needs and the full diversity of learners.
¶ 15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 1 g. Foster strategic open education alliances, create opportunities for sharing openly licensed courses and materials, and ensure sustainability through new strategic partnerships across all sectors and levels.
¶ 16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 h. Encourage the development and adaptation of open education resources in a variety of local languages and diverse cultural contexts to ensure their relevance and accessibility.
¶ 17 Leave a comment on paragraph 17 0 i. Ensure that open educational resources follow accessibility guidelines and that accessibility is a central tenet of all open education programmes and initiatives.
¶ 18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 0 j. Encourage research into open education in Scotland. Foster research on developing, embedding and evaluating all forms open education practice. Focus on opportunities and challenges, sustainable business models, and the impact on teaching and learning, in order to strengthen the evidence base for public investment in open education in general and open educational resources in particular.
¶ 19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 0 k. Support the adoption of appropriate open formats and standards and the development of best practices to ensure that open educational resources can be easily created, revised, repurposed and remixed.
¶ 20 Leave a comment on paragraph 20 0 l. Support the development of user-friendly tools and technologies to find, retrieve and share open education resources that are relevant to the needs of teachers and learners. Adopt appropriate open standards to ensure interoperability and to facilitate the sharing and reuse of open educational courses, resources and assessment materials.
¶ 21 Leave a comment on paragraph 21 0 m. Promote the adoption of procurement policies that give equal consideration to free and open source software and openly licensed materials, and support the development in education and related sectors of processes and practices to provide a level playing field for free and open source software and open education resources in procurement.
¶ 23 Leave a comment on paragraph 23 0 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
¶ 24 Leave a comment on paragraph 24 0 This work is derived, with permission, from the UNESCO Paris OER Declaration and authored by Lorna M. Campbell, with input from Lee Ballantyne, Doug Belshaw, Fionnuala Carmichael, Linda Creanor, Martin Hawksey, James Henderson, Wilbert Kraan, Ronald MacIntyre, Wayne Mackintosh, Sheila MacNeill, Celeste McLaughlin, Gordon Mcleod, Jan Neumann, Giles Pepler, Tavis Reddick, Sero Consulting, Paula Smith, Peter Suber, Ian Stuart, Alek Tarkowski, Martyn Ware, Joe Wilson, Scott Wilson.